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Thread: Rotary Broaching Tool

  1. #11
    rossbotics rossbotics's Avatar
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    Thanks Guy
    Yes I noticed we have the same mill too, my riser block is 4" which really helped, this is the first small milling machine I ever owned, my other mills were all 9" X 42"-49" tables, but this mill has allot of power and it's pretty darn beefy too, I was skeptical of buying it at first for the thought of it not being rigid enough, but after having it for a few years now I would most definitely buy another one,
    Broaching a hex in the hub of the speed handle like a key way was my first thought, and to be honest I didn't want to make a tool for just one setup, but oh well I'll use it for making socket head cap screws and so on,

    Thanks for your comments
    Doug
    Comments are always welcome
    Doug



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  2. #12
    CHP
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    Quote Originally Posted by rossbotics View Post
    What inspired me to make this tool was I wanted to make a speed handle for my mill vise, I have never been fond of any milling machine vise handle, while the original handle is satisfactory I still like things to be a bit more user friendly, the original handle is to awkward when having to open the vise up more than an inch or so, they have a tendency to fall off and hit your big toe nail, while speed handles are readily available I still prefer to make my own tools, store bought tools today aren’t what they use to be, there is very little quality anymore,

    Making a new handle for the vise is easy; it’s the hexagonal hole in the handle that becomes a can of worms, shops with a punch press would have no problem with this setup, but unfortunately there isn’t one of those beasts sitting in my shop, after watching numerous videos on You Tube and reading about rotary broaching I decided that this was the most practical way for me to tackle this 9/16” hexagonal hole.
    This is not a tool you will put in your arsenal that will be used on a regular basis but it will be a great tool to have when that moment arrives, instead of putting a screw driver slot or a hexagon on the head of a special bolt that you made now you can put a socket head for an allen wrench,

    The concept of how the tool works is simple, instead of pushing straight down on all six points of the broach at one time like a punch press would do the broach’s axis is tilted 1°, as the broach rotates it only makes contact on one point of the hexagonal broach at a time, making it easy to push the broach thru a predrilled hole, I ran the lathes spindle at 600 RPM’s

    There are only four parts to make, the arbor, bearing housing, spindle and broaching tool, the spindle rotates in a SKF-5204 double row angular contact bearing and end pressure is absorbed by a NICE-607 thrust bearing, the three main parts were machined from 4140 pre-hardened steel, the 3/8”-1/2” and 9/16” hexagon punches were made from O-1 tool steel hardened and ground, square punches and form tools can be made as well.

    Below you will see some photos of the machining steps of the tool being made and a video broaching a 9/16” hexagon hole, along with 4 drawings at the bottom of this page for anyone wanting to make this tool.

    As always thanks for looking
    And happy machining

    Doug

    Attachment 18791

    All parts made for the Rotary Broaching Tool

    Attachment 18781

    Bearing housing bored for the angular contact bearing and thrust bearing

    Attachment 18782

    A 1° angle has been milled on the backside of the bearing housing along with the tongue and two 1/4"-20 holes

    Attachment 18783

    This is the arbor with two adjusting slots and a groove for the tongue on the bearing housing to mate

    Attachment 18784

    This photo shows the unit assembled and installed in a collet on the lathe, a 1/2" dowel pin is protruding 1" from the face of the bearing, this is where the it has to be running true, all punches were made the same length so indicating was only necessary one time, make the punches the same length no matter what size they are and indicating will only have to be done one time, it's just a matter of changing punches

    Attachment 18785

    This photo shows the unit held in a 5/8" collet on the lathe and being turned true after the indicating

    Attachment 18786

    This photo shows the hex punches being made

    Attachment 18787

    This photo shows the punches being ground after heat treating

    Attachment 18788

    This photo shows the hub for the mill vise handle being drilled and tapped for the three spokes

    Attachment 18789

    This photo shows all the parts made for the speed handle

    Attachment 18790

    Speed handle complete and install on the mill vise

    Here is a video of the hex being cut using the rotary broaching tool



    Below are the 4 drawings to make this tool, good luck, and post your completed tool !

    Attachment 18797

    Drawing of Arbor (above)

    Attachment 18798

    Drawing of Spindle Housing (above)

    Attachment 18799

    Drawing of Spindle (above)

    Attachment 18800

    Drawing of Punch (above)
    very nicely done


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