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Thread: Four jaw chuck super fast setup using this tool.

  1. #1
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    mr_modify1's Tools

    Four jaw chuck super fast setup using this tool.

    I find that this cuts my 4 jaw chuck indicating time to less than half.

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    bruce.desertrat (Dec 15, 2021), emu roo (Dec 14, 2021), griff43 (Dec 20, 2021), Home-PC (Dec 15, 2021), johncg (Dec 15, 2021), Jon (Dec 16, 2021), MrMetal (Jan 3, 2022), neilg4dbn (Dec 19, 2021), rarmintrout (Dec 20, 2021), Tule (Dec 15, 2021)

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    Thanks mr_modify1! We've added your Chuck Setup Tool to our Measuring and Marking category,
    as well as to your builder page: mr_modify1's Homemade Tools. Your receipt:




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    Supporting Member thehomeengineer's Avatar
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    Hi Mr_modify1

    Thank you for your post.

    Please forgive if I am missing something here? But this does appear to be a lot of work and trying to reinvent the wheel. I appreciate there is always more than one way to skin a cat.

    There is no explanation in the video on how the stock was finally clamped concentric to the lathe centre line? Are you relying on the similar pressure being exerted on each jaw via the Chuck key, once the mandrel is removed?

    The setting up of the four jaw Chuck can be easily achieved using just a 6 rule on the Chuck. The 4 jaws are set in position and a rule measurement taken from a known reference point on the Chuck. This reference point could be the outside of the Chuck itself or the rings in the face of the Chuck. Once roughly at the correct diameter/AF the distance between the opposite jaws can be measured again with the rule, the stock being machined can be slid into the jaws and lightly tightened. This will get you with in 0.010 / 0.25mm (even on a bad day.) Then you can use whatever method to trim the stock perfectly to the centre line of the lathe with a DTI.

    I have added a link to show the process I use. Although the video shows rectangular stock being clocked it is exactly the same principle for clocking square bar.

    I hope this is of interest and helps you in the future when clocking up stock in a 4 jaw. This will also help save you valuable time and materials, in making a mandrel for every size of stock you are likely to need in the setup of a 4 jaw Chuck.

    Method for clocking rectangular or square in a four jaw to a known reference point

    Many thanks
    The Home Engineer.

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    You still have to go thru the indicating process. I use the 4 jaw only if I have to use it. I always thought someone would come up with a self centering 4 jaw chuck but I have not seen one yet. There must be a better solution than all the measuring and indicating.

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    Supporting Member WmRMeyers's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by mr_modify1 View Post
    You still have to go thru the indicating process. I use the 4 jaw only if I have to use it. I always thought someone would come up with a self centering 4 jaw chuck but I have not seen one yet. There must be a better solution than all the measuring and indicating.
    There are self-centering 4-jaw chucks. Like any chuck, if you get to only .003" runout, you have a really good chuck. Where a 4-jaw independent jaw chuck shines is in getting stock dialed in to under .001", or if you want/need to be fussier, even I can get to within .0001" in a couple of minutes. To help you speed it it, use two chuck keys on opposing sides. Best description of the process I've seen is here: https://littlemachineshop.com/images...4-jawchuck.pdf as the last few paragraphs of the pdf say, you can center a round bar, open two adjacent jaws a bit, and put a square (or octagon) bar of the same size in and tighten the two sides to be well aligned.

    Bill

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    mr_modify1 (Dec 31, 2021), Paul Jones (Jan 1, 2022)

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    Thanks Bill.

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    Hi Mr_modify1
    Thank you for the reply.

    As WmRMyers has pointed out there are 4 jaw self-centring chucks.

    A self centring 4 jaw is only as accurate as the stock being held. I often have to use shim to get all four jaws to contact a stock piece of square material. So my first choice for accuracy would be the 4 jaw independent chuck.

    Where I find the 4 jaw self centring chuck really useful, is when several components need a shaft turned on a piece of square stock and the square is then required to to be machined in a second operating concentric to the shaft. This can save material and time rather than machining all from round stock. Or where the concentric accuracy is not critical ie: tee-bolts etc.

    Therefore the 4 jaw self centring chuck is not often mounting on the lathe.

    Another method is a lot more expensive but I find even holding square stock this is very accurate. Commercially made square collets like the 5C system or the Crawford multi-bore collets which I find to be very accurate. This accuracy is probably due the the amount of collect contact area with the stock. But again very expensive due to the amount of collets needed to cover stock sizes. Let alone purchasing the chuck body.

    many thanks again but unfortunately the cheapest way to get square stock to run true is to setup in the 4 jaw independent chuck.

    We all have to find away that suits are personal budgets and there is always more than one way to get the same result in Engineer.
    The Home Engineer

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    Supporting Member mklotz's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by mr_modify1 View Post
    You still have to go thru the indicating process. I use the 4 jaw only if I have to use it. I always thought someone would come up with a self centering 4 jaw chuck but I have not seen one yet. There must be a better solution than all the measuring and indicating.
    Believe me, you don't want a self-centering 4jaw. The independent 4jaw is both more flexible and more accurate.

    Centering work in the 4jaw can be made much less tedious with a few homemade tools and a straightforward procedure. You may want to read my procedure here...

    Centering work in the four jaw chuck

    With this procedure, another dead simple addition can make centering polygonal stock much easier...

    Centering aid for polygonal stock
    ---
    Regards, Marv


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    mr_modify1 (Dec 31, 2021), Paul Jones (Jan 1, 2022)

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    -Easiest and most hassle-free method for indicating a 4-jaw independent (I've yet seen) is a 5 year old, 5 min long video from Joe Pie:



    ATB & Happy New Year!

    Johan

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    The very best tips out there!

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    mr_modify1 (Dec 31, 2021)

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