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Thread: Optocoupler tester

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    Supporting Member darkoford's Avatar
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    Optocoupler tester

    Very simple and useful optocoupler tester.


    Optocoupler tester-ppppp.jpg Optocoupler tester-bbbbbbbbbbb.png Optocoupler tester-aaaaaaaaaaa.png


  2. The Following 4 Users Say Thank You to darkoford For This Useful Post:

    Altair (08-31-2019), DIYSwede (09-01-2019), hegefer (09-04-2019), Jon (08-31-2019)

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    Thanks darkoford! We've added your Optocoupler Tester to our Electronics category,
    as well as to your builder page: darkoford's Homemade Tools. Your receipt:




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    Supporting Member DIYSwede's Avatar
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    And the momentary push-button goes from Pin 2 to Gnd, right?

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    Supporting Member darkoford's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by DIYSwede View Post
    And the momentary push-button goes from Pin 2 to Gnd, right?
    Yes Push-Button pin2 (GND) or + 5V.

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    DIYSwede (09-01-2019)

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    Supporting Member darkoford's Avatar
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    Added Push Button:

    Optocoupler tester-eeeeeee.png

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    hegefer (09-04-2019)

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    Supporting Member DIYSwede's Avatar
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    Ok, thanks - but shouldn't the pushbutton only pull current thru the internal LED,
    whilst the + feed to R1 is continously on?
    How would you otherwise find if the tested coupler's phototransistor is bad, continously on?
    Just my 2 cents.
    Cheers

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    Supporting Member darkoford's Avatar
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    Coupler's phototransistor is bad if push button ON -> LED OFF, good if push button ON -> LED ON.

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    Supporting Member DIYSwede's Avatar
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    Umm - but that would also be true when the phototransistor is fried ON at all times, wouldn't it?

    -Guess you'll have to provide a continous positive feed to R1, (when the LED will be OFF if the coupler's OK)
    and the pushbutton only to pull some current thru the optocoupler's LED (turning the D1 ON).
    Having the PB to supply everything will not test for a faulty, continously ON phototransistor.

    Cheers

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    Supporting Member darkoford's Avatar
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    If there is no voltage at the anode and the cathode, the transistor does not connect the LED to ground and the LED does not work.
    The voltage at the anode and cathode opens the transistor and connects to earth, allowing voltage and current to flow to the LED.

    A transistor is a switch that is open without activating the base.

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    Supporting Member DIYSwede's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by darkoford View Post
    A transistor is a switch that is open without activating the base.
    AFAIK a transistor is a current amplifier, but could also be used as a switch and in this setup
    (including photo-trannies) they have 2 preferred failure modes:
    continously open (where in your test circuit the LED won't turn on when button is pushed), and
    continously closed, which state your circuit cannot test for, as you let the button power both the
    optocoupler's LED as well as its transistor, simultaneously.

    Put another way: Your circuit would (incorrectly) pass a bad optocoupler that that's in this second failure mode.
    If you, OTOH, power the phototrannie continously, and merely use the momentary PB to turn the internal LED on/ off,
    you'll see both eventual failure modes, (as well as its OFF operation)

    I personally use test circuits to check for any possible failure mode, hence my previous suggestions.
    But then, though real simple to do if needed, they're merely suggestions.

    Cheers

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