Free 173 Best Homemade Tools eBook:  
Results 1 to 2 of 2

Thread: Equatorial sundial

  1. #1
    mklotz mklotz's Avatar
    Join Date
    Aug 2015
    Location
    LA, CA, USA
    Posts
    1,872
    Thanks
    149
    Thanked 3,642 Times in 1,239 Posts

    mklotz's Tools

    Equatorial sundial

    Lots of folks would like to build a sundial but are intimidated by the non-linear line spacing one sees on the typical garden sundial with a triangular gnomon.

    Now, if you lived at the north or south pole, making a sundial would be dead easy. Just stick a vertical stick in the ground and lay out a circle with 24 equal sectors with the pole at the center. Since the earth is revolving around the stick axis at 15 degrees per hour, the shadow of the stick will indicate the current hour on the lines of the circle.

    This style of sundial is called an equatorial sundial because the plane of the 24 sector circle is parallel to the earth's equatorial plane, i.e., perpendicular to the earth's axis of rotation.

    Thankfully, one doesn't have to be at the poles to build an equatorial sundial. All we need is a plate parallel to the equator with a stick/gnomon parallel to the earth's rotation axis.

    The picture shows the construction. A square plate is marked with 24 equally spaced lines. In the center is a brass bushing through which the gnomon rod passes. The gnomon is slid through the bushing until, when placed on a horizontal surface as shown, the rear end of the gnomon makes an angle with the horizontal equal to the latitude of your site. This guarantees that the plate is parallel to the equatorial plane. A setscrew in the bushing holds the gnomon at this setting.


    Now, we need to align the gnomon with the earth's rotation axis. You could make the gnomon point at Polaris or you could cheat like I do. Look up the time of high noon (meridian transit) at your location and, at that time, adjust the sundial until noon is indicated. Mark this position so you can return to it if the sundial is moved.

    There are calculators on the internet for computing the time of meridian transit at your location. One example is...

    Rise/Set/Transit Times for Major Solar System Bodies and Bright Stars

    On edit...

    I neglected to mention that the hour lines should be drawn on both sides of the plate. There will be occasions when the gnomon shadow is on either side. Consider what happens at the equator. The latitude is zero so the plate is vertical. During northern hemisphere summer the sun is north of the equator so the shadow falls on the north facing side of the dial. During northern hemisphere winter the situation is reversed. The sun is south of the equator and the shadow falls on the south facing side of the dial.
    Last edited by mklotz; 07-08-2017 at 03:49 PM.
    ---
    Regards, Marv


    Home Shop Freeware
    http://www.myvirtualnetwork.com/mklotz

  2. The Following 2 Users Say Thank You to mklotz For This Useful Post:

    Moby Duck (08-19-2016), Paul Jones (08-19-2016)

  3. #2
    Content Editor DIYer's Avatar
    Join Date
    Aug 2013
    Posts
    3,091
    Thanks
    434
    Thanked 932 Times in 858 Posts


    Thanks mklotz! We've added your Equatorial Sundial to our Measuring and Marking category,
    as well as to your builder page: mklotz's Homemade Tools. Your receipt:





    Post your reply!
    Join 33,912 of us and get our 173 Must Read Homemade Tools eBook free.



    173 Must Read Homemade Tools

Thread Information

Users Browsing this Thread

There are currently 1 users browsing this thread. (0 members and 1 guests)

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •